[featured_image]

₦3,000.00

  • Version
  • Download
  • File Size 162.91 KB
  • File Count 1
  • Create Date October 19, 2021
  • Last Updated October 20, 2021

THE EFFECT OF FORMAL EDUCATION ON NIGERIAN WOMEN'S ATTITUDE TOWARDS FAMILY PLANNING: IMPLICATIONS FOR COUNSELING

ABSTRACT

his study investigated the extent of family planning, the methods and contraceptive devices in use and the influence of education on family planning among couples in Nkanu Local Government Area of Enugu State. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design. The population comprises all the married couples in this area. A sample size of  married people was selected for this study. Questionnaire was used for data collection. The instrument which was validated by three experts in relevant areas has two parts. Part A elicited the respondents’ bio-data while part B consisted of 12 items to elicit information to answer the research questions. The items were structured on a four point scale. In the selected area, the instrument was administered personally by the researchers to the literate respondents while the illiterates were interviewed using the items in the questionnaire The result shows that  educational status has positive influence on family planning in the area. It was recommended that the rural areas should be enlightened on the efficiency of the modern family planning.

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study

Population growth has been a problematic issue all over the world consequently; many developed countries have approved and resorted to birth control or family planning. Family planning according to United Nations Population Funds Activities (UNPFA 2001) is a recognized basic human right and enables individuals and couples to determine the number and spacing of their children. The World Health Organization (WHO, 2013) stated that family planning allows individuals and couples to anticipate and attain their desired number of children and the spacing and timing of their births.Formal Education

This is achieved through use of contraceptive methods. A woman’s ability to space and limit her pregnancies has a direct impact on her health and well-being as well as on the outcome of each pregnancy. In effect, family planning is the regulation and control of the rate of child birth by individuals, both married and unmarried. In developing nations like Nigeria, children are valued as they not only demonstrate the masculinity of the men but equally provide the extra useful hands in communities where agriculture is the major source of income. Besides, aged parents and extended family relations depend on their children for maintenance at old age. Hence, they are reluctant to limit birth. Formal Education

Education is associated with sexual behaviours, childbearing and contraceptives use and studies show that women are more likely to postpone pregnancy. Therefore, education can be described as a dynamic activity which involves an orderly, deliberate and sustained effort to develop knowledge and skills (Olusakin, 2009). As Awoniyi (2010) puts it, formal education is a process by which the human mind develops through learning at school in stages from pre-primary through primary, secondary to tertiary (university) institution. The present socio-economic situation in Nigeria has made it obvious that the women must be given sound, formal education as their male counterparts are given.

According to Adiele (2000), the education of the girl-child was not a common phenomenon in the traditional Nigerian society before independence. In fact, her birth would not attract so much celebration as that of the male-child, and depending on the number of female children the mother had given birth to before her, the birth of an additional girl-child could cause her mother her marriage. This is still a major problem in some homes even among educated men. According to Omegbe (2011) “education itself is the development of an individual through training, transmission of what is worth while to the point that he is able to fit into his environment and contribute to the best of his ability, to the well being of the society.

Therefore, incessant child-bearing places a woman in a very weak position physically, economically and psychologically, yet barrenness is viewed as a curse in the Nigerian society due to high infantile mortality, the capacity to breed was much valued but advances in the field of medicine have greatly increased the survival rate among both infants and adults. According to Onyeanwu (2001), the incessant child-bearing is therefore, no longer necessary, instead, it poses great danger to the health of the mother and also increased family size that cannot be supported with the family resources, especially now that the Nigerian economy has nose-dived and the resultant effect of unemployment among men in the society. Therefore, to improve the living condition of Nigerian families, the life of the women who are the cornerstone of every household should be improved and the regulation of the size of the nuclear family, through family planning, cannot be overemphasized (Lai, 2000).

1.2 Statement of the Problem

There has been a lot of discrimination against the female gender. In fact, people just see them as breeding machines inspite of the availability of family planning.

The dissemination of appropriate and relevant information on family planning would lead to the acquisition of knowledge, skills and women empowerment. This can help to break the intractable poverty cycles that many Nigerian families have come to be associated with due to the ignorance of family planning devices and the attitude of many women towards the application of such devices.

According to Halsall (1977) if women’s health and status remain poor, if their access to land and other facilities continues to be limited and if they continue to be held down by lack of information concerning family, unwanted pregnancies and sexual diseases, the societal development would be retarded. Also, the problem that is involved in the negligence of family planning cannot be overemphasized. For example, without family planning there will be population explosion which could bring about shortage of food and other necessary amenities in the country. According to Uzomah (2004), women who do not expose themselves to formal education do not have necessary information, especially on family planning and majority of them have died in their bid to give birth to children.

This study therefore, sets out to examine the effect of formal education on the Nigerian women’s attitude towards family planning.

1.3 Purpose of the Study

The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of formal education on the attitude of Nigerian women towards family planning.

Other specific objectives of the study include:

  1. To ascertain the difference in the attitude of women towards formal education in Nigerian society.
  2. To examine whether there is difference in the attitude of women towards family planning.
  3. To examine whether difference exists between the attitude of women who have formal education and those who are not.
  4. To assess whether there is difference in the level of awareness of family planning of women with formal education and those without formal education.
  5. To investigate whether there will be difference in the number of children of women with formal education and the number of children of those without formal education.

1.4 Research Questions

The following research questions were posed in this study:

  1. Will the attitude of women towards formal education affect their family planning method?
  2. How can we ascertain whether there is difference in the attitude of women towards formal education?
  3. To what extent can we examine whether there is difference in the attitude of women towards family planning in Nigeria?
  4. Is there any difference between the attitude of women who are exposed to formal education and those who are not?
  5. Is there difference in the level of awareness of family planning of women with formal education and those without formal education?

1.65 Research Hypotheses

The following research hypotheses were raised in this study:

Hypothesis 1

There is no significant impact of formal education on the attitude of literate women towards family planning.

Hypothesis 2

There is no significant impact of family planning on the attitudes of non-literate women towards family planning

1.6   Significance of the Study

This study will be beneficial in various ways thus: For instance, The government has continued to devote a substantial part of her health-care funds to finance family planning activities with the hope that the adoption of the modern method and give women a better place in the socio-economic sphere. This study therefore, examines the effect of formal education on Nigerian women’s attitude to family planning inspire of various family planning programmers and service.

This study will be of great benefit to the population commission officials, because it will help them to regulate the child birth rate in the country if the recommendations put across in this study are observed and acted upon.

The society, will also benefit from this study because it will be a good reference material to the public, especially adult members of the society. Also students at various levels will find this study a good reference material.

1.7Scope of the Study

This study attempted to examine the effect of formal education on the Nigerian women’s attitude to family planning in Nkanu Local Government Area of Enugu State.

 

THE EFFECT OF FORMAL EDUCATION ON NIGERIAN WOMEN'S ATTITUDE TOWARDS FAMILY PLANNING: IMPLICATIONS FOR COUNSELING

Attached Files

THE INFLUENCE OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY MANAGEMENT ON EMPLOYEE'S JOB COMMITMENT
A STUDY OF PROSPECTS AND PROBLEMS OF TIMBER AS EXTERNAL MATERIAL IN BUILDING PRODUCTION IN HOT CLIMATE REGION

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *